Pattern of Anfal: Capture and Imprisonment

After an Anfal attack, survivors were captured, imprisoned and subjected to harassment and torture. Many thousands of men, women and children were executed at remote sites across Iraq by special units reminiscent of the Nazi death squads.

Pattern of Anfal: Separation and Mass Execution

At Topazawa, an internment camp on the outskirts of Kirkuk, women and children were separated from male prisoners. Many men were then sent to be executed and buried in mass graves.

Detained in Erbil Security Prison

Gas victims were moved to an Erbil hospital where they were refused treatment. Described as ‘Iranian agents’ by the Iraqi authorities, they were interned in Erbil, where many died.

Survivors Reunite with Family

The women and children who survived Erbil Security Prison were freed near Khalifan, a remote town which was 90 minutes drive away. Nine died on the first day of their release. Those who survived were cared for by local Kurdish people and then reunited with their families.


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