Legacy: The Pain of Bereavement

Anfal survivors returned to their villages to find their homes destroyed and their loved ones gone. For all, the loss of family remains a deep source of pain.

Legacy: Trauma and the Kurdish people

Anfal was a deeply painful event for the Kurdish people. Hundreds of thousands still suffer from the effects of severe physical and mental traumas that they may never recover from.

Legacy: Treating Victims of Gas Attacks

After the chemical attacks of 1987 and 1988 doctors in rural areas were overwhelmed by the number of patients. This was the first time they had treated injuries caused by chemical weapons.


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